The mandates include limits on the number of people allowed to gather in public or private, bans on dancing and alcohol sales, and vaccination or testing requirements for public and private get-togethers or domestic travel. Some countries have canceled public celebrations of either Christmas or New Year's (or both). Read on to learn which governments have ordered a crackdown on merriment and togetherness this yuletide.
The Czech Republic's government declared a 30-day state of emergency on November 26 over the Chinese coronavirus. The edict banned the operation of all Christmas markets across the country and prohibited people from drinking alcohol in public places. Bars, restaurants, discotheques, nightclubs, and casinos nationwide must close by 10:00 p.m. under the state of emergency order.
Scotland First Minister Nicola Ferguson Sturgeon announced a series of social gathering restrictions for all of Scotland on December 21 that will take effect starting on December 27. Sturgeon said her administration's “official advice for Christmas Day remains unchanged, with people allowed to meet with family but urged to be cautious,” the U.K.'s Daily Mail reported.
“But from December 26 for three weeks there will be attendance limits placed on live public events which will torpedo Hogmanay [Scottish New Year] festivities,” the newspaper reported.
The government of Canada's Ontario province reintroduced social gathering limits for an indefinite amount of time starting on December 19. The edict included a ban on dancing and singing in the province — except for “workers or performers” — and a prohibition on the sale of alcohol after 10:00 p.m. Ontario Premier Doug Ford reduced the number of people allowed to gather socially both indoors (from 25 to 10) and outdoors (from 100 to 25).
“Omicron will not take a holiday,” Ontario Chief Medical Officer of Health Kieran Moore told reporters on December 17 when announcing the new restrictions. He referred to the latest known variant of the Chinese coronavirus, which has swept across the globe since it was first detected in southern Africa in mid-November.
“That is of course not the good news you hope for at Christmas time,” Netherlands Caretaker Prime Minister Mark Rutte told the Dutch public during a nationally televised news conference.
“So yes, a disappointing but perhaps not very big surprise,” he added, referring to the lockdown extension.
Holland's November 28 partial lockdown restricted social gatherings to 13 people and imposed a 5:00 p.m. curfew on all bars, restaurants, cinemas, and sports venues. Essential shops such as grocery stores were ordered to close by 8:00 p.m.
Rutte shocked Nederlanders on the evening of December 18 when he announced a separate, snap lockdown for the entire country that would further tighten gathering restrictions from December 19 until at least January 14. The last-minute lockdown order “left people's Christmas plans in disarray,” Reuters reported on December 19 after observing Dutch urban centers left “largely deserted.”
The mandate bans groups greater than two people from gathering outdoors. All businesses deemed non-essential by the Dutch federal government — including restaurants, museums, hair salons, and gyms — must close.
Portugal's government will limit citizens' movement from December 25 until at least January 9.
“People will need to test negative for the [corona]virus to access cinemas, theatres, sports events, weddings and baptisms,” Euro News reported. “On Christmas and New Year's, people will need a negative test result to access restaurants and public celebrations.”
“On New Year's Eve, no more than 10 people can gather in the street, and drinking alcohol outdoors will be prohibited,” according to the news site.
“In cases when an unvaccinated person is present, only one other household would be able to attend. The new capacity limits will apply to both indoor and outdoor celebrations,” Euro News reported.
The restrictions include a ban on spectators at “sporting events, cultural shows, concerts and other large public events.”
“Fireworks will also be banned for New Year's Eve celebrations, and night clubs will also be required to close across the country,” according to the news site.
Paris announced on December 18 the cancelation of a planned fireworks display and series of concerts slated to take place on the famous avenue Champs-Elys?es on New Year's Eve.
Norway has limited gatherings at private homes to ten people under a coronavirus measure lasting from December 9 to January 6, though the country's government said it will increase this number to 20 on Christmas and New Year's Eve.
Latvia's government declared a three-month coronavirus state of emergency on October 11 that will last through January 11.
“Not more than 10 persons will be allowed to gather for private events. Up to 20 persons are allowed to gather for an outdoor event,” according to a notice issued by Latvia's Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
“Only vaccinated people or people recovered from COVID-19 [Chinese coronavirus] are allowed to take part in public events,” the notice reads.
People unvaccinated against the Chinese coronavirus must attend religious ceremonies “individually … if at least 15 m2 [square meters] of publicly available space is ensured per person and face masks are worn,” the Latvian government stipulates.
Unvaccinated persons may visit houses of worship for no more than 15 minutes at a time and they are barred from attending church services along with vaccinated parishioners or people who can prove they recently recovered from the Chinese coronavirus.
The number of participants in “cultural events” in Latvia during the state of emergency is limited to 60 percent of a venue's capacity.
“The maximum number of visitors permitted at a cultural event is 500,” according to the Latvian Foreign Ministry.
Latvia's government has “forbidden” businesses from providing “economic in-person services related to entertainment, gambling, betting and attractions (including in water parks, entertainment and amusement centres, trampoline parks),” during the emergency period.
“Private gatherings are limited to 50 people,” according to the security firm. “Public events can host up to 500 people, providing attendees can provide evidence of a negative PCR test result from the previous 48 hours or proof of recovery from COVID-19 [Chinese coronavirus] in the previous 180 days.”
“Facemasks are mandatory in enclosed public spaces and wherever social distancing of 1 meter (3 feet) cannot be maintained,” Garda World noted.
“Indonesia is currently implementing a more restrictive form of lockdown wherein non-essential and non-critical commercial activities are not allowed,” according to a December 13 coronavirus notice issued by the German-Indonesian Chamber of Commerce and Industry (EKONID).
On the Indonesian islands of Java and Bali, restaurants and shopping malls are expected to reduce their open hours and operate at limited capacity during the winter holiday season.
“Authorities have extended public activity restrictions (PPKM) in Java and Bali through at least January 3,” GardaWorld reported on December 15.
“PPKM remain in effect for other parts of the country through at least December 23, but further extensions are likely,” the Canadian private security firm predicted.
Indonesia's federal government will ban people aged 17 years old and up from traveling domestically between December 24 and January 2 if they are not vaccinated against the Chinese coronavirus, according to Garda World. Indonesia's Transport Ministry currently requires all people in the country to present proof of Chinese coronavirus vaccination to travel between the archipelago's various regions and islands. Indonesians traveling long-distance within the country must provide both proof of Chinese coronavirus vaccination and a negative test result to transport authorities.